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Motivational Interviewing
  • Motivational interviewing is a semi-directive, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence. Compared with non-directive counseling, it is more focused and goal-directed. Motivational interviewing is non-judgmental, non-confrontational and non-adversarial. The approach attempts to increase the client's awareness of the potential problems caused, consequences experienced, and risks faced as a result of the behavior in question. Either way, the strategy seeks to help clients think differently about their behavior and ultimately to consider what might be gained through change.The main goals of motivational interviewing are to establish rapport, elicit change talk, and establish commitment language from the client.

    While there are as many variations in technique as there are clinical encounters, the spirit of the method, however, is more enduring and can be characterized in a few key points:

    -Motivation to change is elicited from the client, and is not imposed from outside forces
    -It is the client's task, not the counselor's, to articulate and resolve his or her ambivalence
    -Direct persuasion is not an effective method for resolving ambivalence
    -The counseling style is generally quiet and elicits information from the client
    -The counselor is directive, in that they help the client to examine and resolve ambivalence
    -Readiness to change is not a trait of the client, but a fluctuating result of interpersonal interaction
    -The therapeutic relationship resembles a partnership or companionship